Research Introduction

Our lab provides simulation studies for material sciences, which is useful for industrial applications. Our viewpoint of the studies is physical chemistry of molecular ensembles in interfaces. Properties of materials are governed by the bulk and the surface properties. The properties of the materials are strongly affected by the molecular properties of interface, which is described as "God made the bulk; surfaces were invented by the devil" by Wolfgang Pauli. In other words, we are able to design innovative properties of materials controlling by the interfaces. For example, our bodies are made of ionic polymers (polyelecrolytes solution) and transformation of materials and energy in high quality as the living systems are realized by controlling long-range Coulomb interactions between molecules in solution. For industrial purpose, the characteristics of the interfaces are important in lubrication or in electrodes in batteries.
In materials simulation, there are two level of simulation, quantum level and the level of atom ensemble. The latter is named molecular simulation in a narrow sense, and we are involved in the latter ones. Although the molecular simulations seems rather easy than quantum simulations because they say they solve Classical Newtonian equation of motions, molecular simulations are based on complex statistical mechanical basis and have connection with fluid dynamics, and development of simulation methods are not finished yet. The development of new simulation method such as multiscale, mutli-physics scheme in electron, atom and fluid level is also our object of researches.

Algorithms for molecular simulations

The major simulation results from our laboratory are calculated by self-developed softwares.

Molecular Dynamics

We have developed non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulator which can simulate dynamics of organic molecules, waters, metals, ionic solids, covalent bonded amorphous materials and so on. The simulator is MPI parallelized and tested in the next generation super computer project. It is also expanded to calculate under special condition such as shear condition, high pressure and unique ensemble in statistical mechanics.

Monte Carlo Brownian Dynamics

Metropolis Monte Carlo method is famous as a method to calculate partition functions under equlibrium condition. We have shown Metropolis Monte Carlo method would be a numerical calculation method of Fokker-Planck equation, and solve the Brownian motion of colloidal suspensions. We adopted the method to diffusion motions of ions in liquids, segment motions of polymer solutions and sliding motion of graphene sheets.

Simulation of ion flows in nano interfaces

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Coulomb interaction is the most strong and long-ranged force among the intermolecular forces. Batteries are the typical devices using the interaction and highly controlled complex systems such as bio-system utilize the force. Ionic solutions has, however, microscopic features such as solvation, coarse-grained method to treat these features is under development. We are planning to make molecular simulator, which can simulate molecular dynamics to continuum flow dynamics including solvation effect, hydrodynamic interaction of solvents around ions. We adopt these methods to the low friction of polyelectrolyte brushes to Sodium ion secondary battery systems.

Tribology

Tribology is "the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion" first supposed by Prof. Jost in 1966. Tribology is one of the most important themes of our laboratory. We study friction, lubrication, wear in molecular level using computer simulations.

Elasto-hydrodynamics Lubrication

Show large image when click Tribo-molecular dynamics simulation is the simulation method developed in 1990s to simulate properties of oils. Molecular modeling of base oil molecules is suitable applicants for the application. For this purpose, non- equilibrium all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of the traction properties of hydrocarbon fluids under elastohydrodynamics lubrication were studied. Traction fluids are used in continuous variable transmissions in order to transmit forces be- tween two steel rollers, and the traction properties significantly depend on the structure of the fluid mole- cules. The effects of the oil film thickness, shear rate and pressure were investigated using super parallel computer in national project. The dynamic mechanisms of the momentum transfer on layers of fluid molecules were also analyzed by focusing on the intermolecular interactions and intramolecular interactions. Recently, the non-slip boundary condition assumed in continuum lubrication theories was confirmed on a molecular level by huge molecular dynamics simulation of oils.

Boundary Lubrication

Boundary lubrication is the phenomena that a few molecular layers cover the solid surface in order to protect surface and minimize friction. We used molecular dynamics to solve the dynamics of organic monolayers, and water layers. We also show that the low friction mechanism of DLC-Si (silicon contained diamond like carbon) coating is due to the boundary film of water molecules bounded by hydrogen bonds between SiOH (silanol) site on the surface and water molecules.
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Solid Lubrication

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Mechanism of super low friction of layered materials was long standing question. We made coarse-grained molecular simulator to simulate sliding motion of transfer layer of graphene and found low friction mechanism named thermal escape motion. The origin of solid friction in crystals is also investigated. Semi-infinite atom vibration model of solids using Green fnuction is introduced and we found the low frequency phonon dissipation is related to the origin of solid friction.

Next Generation Batteries

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80 % of Lithium in the world is produced in Chile. From the point of view of element strategy, development of sodium secondary batteries is expected. The properties of electrolyes solution for secondary batteries and binder polymer for the negative electrode are studied in our laboratory using multi-scale ion flow simulator. The improvement of ion transport effect of additives for the electrolyte solution, structure and dynamics of polymer binders for the negative electrodes are the topics.

Plyelectrolytes Solutions, Bio-molecular systems

Polyelectrolyte solution governed by long-range Coulomb interaction is the soft and intelligent system which is found in living cells. On the other hand, due to the complexity, which has its origin of soft nature and multi-scaled and long-range correlations it is most difficult system to treat by molecular simulation. We developed a simulator from 1990s to treat polyelectrolyte solutions adequately and shown the static and dynamic nature of ion atmosphere around biopolymers, such as DNA and polyelectrolyte brushes which is model of synovial joints. Especially, counterion condensation on surfaces is essential theme of our research. We found counterion condensation occur in rod-like polyions, charged spheres, confined planes, and brushes and found the dynamical change.
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Simulation of automotive transportations

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A feature of our graduate school is to create an academic field of simulation studies including social, human and nature. We would like to propose simulation studies, which solve social problems by industrial revolution. In Japan, depopulation and population ageing at the countryside are serious social problems. Sometime, intensification of the social resources is said to be the answer of this problem. However, intensification means shrinkage of the "populatable zone" where our ancients made effort for cultivation. Here we simulate the ability of low efficiency and auto driving vehicle to make wider commutable area in countryside. Hyogo prefecture is called "miniature of Japan" because there are mega cities, islands, mountains and plains. Therefore Hyogo is good place to make our case studies.

About University of Hyogo

University of Hyogo celebrated the 10th anniversary from the merging of 3 Hyogo Prefectural Universites in 2004. It also made 85th aniversary of the foundation of previous university in 1929. It is now 8th in Material Science, 5th in Engineering in national ranking of Web of Science (2011). 1070th in World URAP ( University Ranking by Academic Performance 2016). In Hyogo prefecture, we have SPring-8 the world's largest third-generation synchrotron radiation facility, and K Computer who won the fastest super computer in the world in 2011. Our mission is to collaborate these facilities to innovate new material sciences.

Candidates for Collaborators

We are looking for PhD students to join the next generation of outstanding researchers in molecular simulation. The candidate must pass the Japanese-Language Proficiency Test N2. Though the research advisor can teach in English, the candidate need to understand Japanese to study the usual lectures in the curriculum.

Post-doc researchers are also welcome, under the JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Overseas Researchers. For the post-doc, Japanese is not necessary.

Concact

Graduate School of Simulation Studies, University of Hyogo
Computational Science Center Building 7-1-28 Minatojima-minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan
Email: washizu(at)sim.u-hyogo.ac.jp





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